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Posted by on in Drug Addiction

Originally Posted @ 

An important part of determining addiction is the ability to differentiate addiction and heavy or problem drug/alcohol use. The main difference is that people grow out of heavy drinking/drug use with age and maturity. If someone has addiction they will never grow out of it. These two things may look very similar and often may not become distinguishable until years of drug and alcohol abuse. Here are some of the unique and tell-tale signs of addiction.

Identifying Signs of Addiction


Tolerance: Taking increasingly larger amounts of the drug to get the desired effect. In alcoholics this may mean an increase in the amount of drinks needed to get drunk. In their early 20’s perhaps the alcoholic only needed 5 or 6 beers to get drunk. Now, in their 30’s they regularly drink 10 or more beers to get drunk. 


Physiological Dependence: A physical reliance upon a drug caused by prolonged and continual usage. Many drugs can cause a physical dependence upon them, for example: alcohol, opiates, cocaine, etc. If an addict tries to stop using a drug ‘cold-turkey’ they can experience withdrawal symptoms, ranging from nausea to seizures.



Posted by on in Alcoholism

It is often said in recovery circles and in some professional addiction treatment centers that for an alcoholic or addict to stay sober they must first hit their ‘bottom’. The trouble with this statement is the ambiguity of a ‘bottom’ and it fails to take into account the individual differences between people. Simply, everyone’s bottoms are different, some people get sober before things get really bad, and others will wait til near death before seeking help. I will discuss why the whole idea of ‘hitting bottom’ can be dangerous and share the experience of people who got sober before they lost everything.

Just Stop Digging

An introspective recovered alcoholic once said, “you hit your bottom when you stop digging”. While the perception has been changing, many people still think to be an alcoholic you must have a D.U.I, liver failure, crashed cars, or be homeless. These things are common for an alcoholic at the peak of their alcoholism, but that does not mean that you have to experience them in order to get sober. In the early 20thcentury, the types of people getting sober were often near-death alcoholics and A.A was the ‘last house on the block’. They had been to therapists, jail, asylums, and sanitariums; nothing had worked. Today we have the experience of hundreds of thousands of alcoholics to reflect upon, so that we do not have to go through all the pain and misery they experienced. This has resulted in a surge of people getting sober who could be called ‘high bottom drunks’, in the sense that they hadn’t gone through the consequences of long-term alcoholism. Maybe they have a good career, a family, and haven’t had any legal troubles, but inside the turmoil of alcoholism is taking a toll on their lives. Sobriety often becomes attractive when the benefits of stopping drinking outweigh the benefits of continuing to drink. Again, this is dependent upon the person. Talking to ‘high bottom’ alcoholics, they often became willing to get sober shortly after they began to experience consequences of drinking. As soon as alcohol began to cause more problems than it solved, they considered getting sober. Other alcoholics, with lower bottoms, experience consequence after consequence from alcoholism but refuse to get sober. Some alcoholics don’t stop drinking until they’ve lost everything and some even drink themselves into prison or death rather than give up alcohol. If you have started experiencing problems because of drinking, don’t keep on and wait to see if things get worse, just stop digging.


Raising the Bottom

As I mentioned earlier, in recent years we have begun to see an influx of newly sober people with their lives still held together nicely. Many of these people are young adults who have not ruined their lives with alcohol but are starting to deal with problems and the pain of alcoholic drinking.
The relatively recent increase in knowledge about addiction and sobriety has allowed people to understand the progression of alcoholism better. We can review the path that alcohol is taking us down and see what is likely in store for our future if we continue. This allows newcomers to avoid the jails, hospital, and asylum visits that were common for alcoholics seventy years ago.

My own personal path to sobriety dealt with slowly lowering my bottom until I found the gift of sobriety and rose out of the hole I had dug with alcohol. I did experience some consequences of alcoholism; misdemeanors, wrecked car, and academic suffering. However, in my denial, I thought that I just had bad luck and the world was against me. The moment I hit my bottom was when I realized I couldn’t continue drinking, but I couldn’t imagine my life without alcohol. This is called the ‘jumping off’ point, where life became a chore and alcohol didn’t provide the relief it originally had. Being young I felt that my age disqualified me as an alcoholic. Listening to the stories of other young sober alcoholics, I realized that if I kept drinking I would hit the same dismal bottom of the worst alcoholic. By raising the bottom, we can stop the advance of the disease of alcoholism before any irreversible damage has been done.


Posted by on in Alcoholism

When I was newly sober, I heard the cliche that "alcoholism has very little to do with alcohol" many times. As I have stayed sober longer, I have found this statement to be extremely true. Alcoholism comes in a person, not in a bottle.

Prayer in Alcoholics AnonymousThe First Step of Alcoholics Anonymous has two distinct parts. The first part states that we are powerless over alcohol (and drugs), and the second part states that our lives had become unmanageable. When I first saw this, I read it as "our alcohol abuse had become unmanageable." The truth is that our lives are unmanageable without alcohol as well. In my experience and opinion, my life became even more unmanageable without alcohol than it was with alcohol.

Alcohol was the solution. It worked. It helped me manage. Getting sober and admitting I was powerless over alcohol, I no longer had my chief form of comfort. Alcohol allowed me to not feel, and I wasn't sober frequently enough to fully experience the path of my unpleasant emotions. Suddenly I found myself in a world where I had no buffer between me and my emotions.

This unmanageability to me means that I cannot healthily and safely manage my life sober or drunk. My mind does not by default know how to appropriately respond to life. Alcoholism carries on just as well without the alcohol. As the Big Book of Alcoholics Anonymous says, we have a physical allergy, mental craving, and spiritual malady. When I stop drinking, the physical allergy is no longer an issue. The mental craving is caused by my spiritual malady. It is for this reason that the focus of eleven of the Twelve Steps is on this spiritual malady.

As I work on my spiritual malady and get in conscious contact with my Higher Power, the mental cravings begin to dissipate. However, if I am not working on my spiritual malady, the mental cravings overpower me. The unmanageability is a direct result of my lack of a contact with a power greater than myself.


Posted by on in Alcoholism

In recovery, we go through the steps with our sponsor.  However, the steps also must be worked in our daily lives.  As the Twelfth Step of Alcoholics Anonymous suggests, we must practice these principles in all our affairs.


In everyday life, powerlessness is constantly affecting us.  Specifically, we must always remember our powerlessness over our addiction. Keeping close the memory of what happens when we indulge helps drive us every day to work the steps.  Remembering what our addiction looks like is a great motivator.

After working the steps and gaining insight, we discover that we are powerless over much more than our addiction.  Essentially, we are powerless over everyone and everything except ourselves.  We must stop trying to control outside events.

Dr. Paul O. said, "When I am disturbed, it is because I find some person, place, thing or situation- some fact of my life- unacceptable to me, and I can find no serenity until I accept that person, place, thing, or situation as being exactly the way it is supposed to be at this moment... When I complain about me or about you, I am complaining about God's handiwork. I am saying that I know better than God."

We must stop trying to control and fix things.  Although in the First Step we are not yet examining a power greater than ourselves, the point still stands: we must recognize our own powerlessness over the world around us, and focus within.  In our daily lives, we must turn our concentration inward, and cease trying to control the external.  This is a simple, yet difficult task; recognizing our powerlessness and letting things go is very counterintuitive.


Unmanageability affects our daily lives as well.  With the powerlessness over other people comes the unmanageability.  Other people, external events, and anything else outside of ourselves is certainly unmanageable.  When we don't recognize our powerlessness over these things, unmanageability grows even stronger.  Trying to exert power over external phenomena creates distress and anxiety.  Recognizing our powerlessness, we must see that everything is unmanageable to us.


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