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Blog posts tagged in conditioning models of craving
What is craving?
Craving can persist years into abstinence (1).
Precise definitions of craving have remained elusive (2-5). Two general categories are based on conditioning and cognitive mechanisms (6) but are not mutually exclusive.
A Neuroadaptive Model of Craving – Scientists believe that a gradual and, perhaps, permanent adaptation of brain function (i.e., neuroadaptation) to the presence of alcohol is a central feature in the development of alcohol dependence (7,8).
Conditioning Models – The “conditioning” models posit that cues elicit the same physiological and psychological response as drug consumption itself with these ‘respondent’ conditioning theories predicting that responses to drug-related cues either reflect aversive abstinence symptoms or mimic drug effects have dominated explanatory models in cue reactivity studies (9).