Addictionland - Addiction Recover Blog
Originally Posted @ http://www.newbridgerecovery.com/newbridge-killer-fentanyl/
Have you ever heard of a drug so dangerous that a dose the size of a few grains of salt can be fatal? With drug-overdose deaths on the rise, many people point their finger at heroin as the cause. Recent discoveries show that there may be another deadly drug wreaking havoc across the country. The culprit is fentanyl, a prescription painkiller significantly more powerful than heroin and morphine. The real danger is that unsuspecting addicts are abusing fentanyl thinking it is heroin, with fatal results. Cheap, addictive, and dangerous, fentanyl is the deadliest drug you've probably never even heard of.
A lethal cousin to heroin, fentanyl is alleged to be 50 times more powerful than heroin and over 100 times more powerful morphine. It is a synthetic painkiller that has been around for forty years but has just recently become a popular choice for drug dealers and drug addicts. In 2015, doctors wrote over 6.6 million legal fentanyl prescriptions in the U.S, although these prescriptions are not the main concern for addiction professionals. The danger with fentanyl is that it looks exactly like heroin yet is substantially more dangerous.
Previously an uncommon street drug, international drug manufacturers are producing fentanyl at an alarming rate for cheap prices. It is becoming cheaper for drug dealers to sell fentanyl than heroin and they are increasingly mixing the two drugs to cut costs. Just how popular has fentanyl become? “For the cartels, it’s their drug of choice,” Maura Healey, the Attorney General of Massachusetts said, “They have figured out a way to make fentanyl more cheaply and easily than heroin and are manufacturing it at a record pace.” This statement is backed up by the huge spread of fentanyl seizures and drug busts in recent years. Nationally, the total number of fentanyl drug seizures spiked from 618 in 2012 to 4,500 in 2014, an 800 percent increase.
Some of the states most affected include: Ohio, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Florida. In one seizure last year, law enforcement officers in Lawrence, Massachusetts confiscated 33 pounds of fentanyl and heroin with a street value of $2.2 million. In January, the police seized 66 pounds of fentanyl-laced heroin, worth millions, in another Massachusetts city....
The first part of this two-part series dealt with four behavioral disorders, termed ‘addictions’. We discovered that many of these activates, sex and gambling, activate the same receptors and regions in the brain as drugs and alcohol. This second part discusses four more common behavioral addictions and their impact on the lives of society.
Much like internet addiction, this addiction is a relatively new trend brought about by the popularity of video games. Video game addiction seems to affect mostly males, usually between age 13-29. This addiction is characterized by a compulsive need to play video games and can consume up to 8-12 hours each day. These ‘out-of-control’ gamers tend to start ignoring their responsibilities and duties in order to continue playing the game. Certain games even have higher rates of addiction among them. Gamers most prone to video game addiction play games like League of Legends or World of Warcraft, both multiple-player RPG type games; ‘Role Playing Game’. These games have huge followings and are intensely competitive, requiring enormous amounts of time to be an expert. Gamers often begin to lose their sense of reality and the fantasy video game begins to become their reality. Video games offer a person a way to escape the realities of life and immerse themselves in a digital world where they can be whoever they want; a superhero, a wizard, or a king. Treatment for video game addiction requires separation from video games, along with counseling or behavioral modification.
Although not as common as some of the other addictions, plastic surgery addiction is certainly a dangerous reality for some. So what exactly is plastic surgery addiction? It can be defined as an obsession with changing their appearance through surgery, resulting in dozens and even close to a hundred separate surgeries. They become obsessed with changing their appearance to match an ideal image in their head of what they should look like. Although friends and family tell them they are beautiful or flawless, the addict is not satisfied with their own body. This addiction often goes along with other mental disorders, such as body dysmorphic disorder and chronic low self-image. People who become addicted to plastic surgery will pursue surgeries even when they can’t afford it and it begins to negatively affect their health and appearance. A very interesting case study can be found here.
It is widely debated whether food obsessions are true addictions or it is closer to a disorder. Recently it has been shown that binge eating disorder that affects around 3 percent of the adults in America. Often the eating process about which a person binge eats is similar to a drug addiction. First a craving occurs, in this case hunger. Then an emotional trigger happens, such as sadness, anxiety, or guilt. The ‘food addict’ then eats, often to ease emotions and find a sense of relief. Food, like sex and drugs, also releases dopamine. This occurs because eating is necessary for survival, so it creates pleasure in the brain in order to motivate us to eat and replenish ourselves. While the issue of whether overeating is a true addiction still remains, millions of Americans struggle with it. There is even a 12 step group, OA, or Overeaters Anonymous.
Does thrills or risk really get you excited? Thrill seekers share many of the same symptoms as drug addicts; they get a rush from skydiving or rock climbing, but after a while, they seek out even more dangerous adventures to feel that same level of excitement. And studies show that these “thrills” release the same flood of brain chemicals released by addictive drugs....